Time for coffee and tea
Agronomy: A look at coffee and tea farming
This section on coffee farm agronomy is split into two sections and deals with the various aspects of the (agronomy) cultivation of coffee and tea plants.
The first section gives an overview of coffee farming including the discovery of wild species, techniques used for surveying and analyzing genetic diversity, species organisation and relationships, Genetic resources, and the evolution of coffea.
Next the cultivation and harvesting of both Arabica Coffee and Robusta coffee is dealt with.
This includes information on the environmental requirements, nursery practices, planting, protecting and harvesting of these two species. It is thought that this section will be of great use to coffee farmers everywhere.
Photograph by sarahemcc.
The principles and practice of coffee plant breeding for production and quality factors associated with Coffea arabica and canephora are presented. This includes a look at the geographical distribution of Coffea arabica, modes of reproduction, techniques for artificial self-pollination and crossing, genetic analysis and breeding methods.
Image of Coffea arabica flowers in bloom by Tatters:)
The effects of disease and pests are also discussed, as is the use of breeding for other characteristics such as low temperature, drought, caffeine content and seed oil content.